The Amazigh Movement is a transnational secular social movement seeking to affirm ethnocultural identity and establish equal representation under ArabIslamic governments.
The Amazigh movement is a hydra, spread out among various cultural organizations throughout North Africa and the Amazigh Diaspora that often differ drastically on approach and desires, however they are cohesive in acknowledging a chief demand: state recognition of the Amazigh people and the importance of their culture and history in North Africa. This most immediately requires that Tamazight be made an official language under state constitutions. Although Algeria has historically been much more forward and demonstrative of their demands than Morocco, the latter has had more success in achieving their demands, and under 2011 constitutional reforms, Tamazight gained official language status in Morocco. This is a great stride for the Amazigh people in Morocco. In Algeria, Tamazight remains only a national language.
The Amazigh movement also demands the placement and fulfillment of Arab-Islamic identity and authoritarianism stand in opposition to the Amazigh Culture Movement, but this does not mean the latter seeks to exercise power and hegemony over the oppressor; they propose cooperation in fashioning multi-ethnic societies colored with diverse cultures with a reconstructed national identity that validates the place of Amazigh in these states. Thus, the movement is cultural in nature does not aspire to upset or threaten the stability of the nations of North Africa.
This is laid out in Moroccan Amazigh activist Mohammed Chafik’s Amazigh Manifesto, signed by hundreds of Amazigh intellectuals and activists: We believe that diversity is an enrichment and that difference is a sharpener for the human designs . . . [and that] ‘uniformity’ leads to the missing of opportunities for opening up (to the outside world and to other ideas), for development and refinement . . . We believe in the advent of a universal civilization which is capable of integrating all the contributions of mankind. When states with Berber populations are “governed along secular, egalitarian, multicultural and democratic lines,”16 the demands of the Berber struggle will be addressed.